What You Need to Know About The Kanha National Park - Forests of India

What You Need to Know About The Kanha National Par

Kanha National Park or the Kanha Tiger Reserve is the largest National Park in Madhya Pradesh, which is a state in the heart of India. At present, this tiger reserve is divided into two sanctuaries, which are Hallon 250 sq. km. and Banjar 300 sq. km. It is one of the most beautiful forests of our country. It is said that the forest depicted in The Jungle Book, a famous novel by Rudyard Kipling is based on some of the jungles of India, including Kanha National Park.

This park has a significant population of our Bengal Tigers, which are one of the most wanted sights for tourists. It is also home to Indian Leopards, Sloth Bears and the famous Barasingha. In fact, Kanha is the first tiger reserve of the country to have an official mascot- Bhoorsingh the Barasingha!



The Kanha National Park was established on 1st June 1955. It became the Kanha Tiger Reserve in 1973. Today, it covers an area of 940 sq. km. which is spread out to two districts- Mandla and Balaghat. The Kanha Tiger Reserve is a combination of the surrounding buffer zone of 1,067 sq. km. and 110 sq. km. of the Phen Sanctuary. This is what makes it the largest National Park in Central India. Additionally, the Kanha Tiger Reserve is one of the top 10 famous tourist destinations of the country.



Kanha Tiger Reserve nurtures over 1000 flower plant species. In the lowlands, Sal and mixed forest trees are present, scattered with meadows. The highlands have a tropical, moist and dry deciduous type of vegetation, bamboo being common. One of the most popular trees in India, the Ghost Tree can be sighted in the dense parts of the jungle here. 

This national park has many meadows. Moreover, many grass species are essential for the survival of the Barasingha and the Indian Gaur. The denser parts of the jungle have an abundance of climbers, herbs, shrubs. It also nurtures species of aquatic plants and is the lifeline of many wetland and migratory bird species.



The Kanha Tiger Reserve is home to a lot of species apart from the famous Bengal Tiger. You will get a great sight of the Leopards, Wild Cats, Foxes, Jackals and Wild Dogs here. This place takes pride in presenting to you Swamp Deer or the Barasingha since it is the only subspecies of Swamp Deer found in India. However, this animal is adapted to the ground, unlike other Swamp Deer who live in marshy swamps. The Indian Gaur is also a fantastic sight here. Other common animals are the four-horned antelope, spotted deer, sambar, barking deer and blackbuck, which is a rare sight. Nilgai, Indian Wolf, Sloth Bears, Wild Boars and Rhesus Macaque are commonly spotted.

Among the nocturnal animals, jungle cat, civets, ratel, porcupine and honey badger are commonly seen.

There are around 300 species of birds here. The most common ones are Black Ibis, Cattle Egrets, Pond Herons, Lesser Adjutants, Blossom-Headed Parakeets, Grey Hornbill, Woodpecker, Paradise Flycatcher, Mynas, Peafowl, Junglefowl, Steppe Eagle, Tickell’s Flycatcher, White-eye Buzzard, Wood Shrieks, Warbles, etc.

Reptiles In Kanha are the Indian Python, Indian Cobra, Rat Snake, Vipers, Grass Snake, etc.

So if you are already excited about going on a jungle safari to Kanha National Park, book your tickets today! There are various options available!


There are certain rules you HAVE to follow when you visit a jungle. Some of them are:

  1. Do not wear bright clothes. Go for dull coloured clothes so you can be camouflaged.
  2. Dress according to the season. During winters, make sure you layer the clothes. Jungles are colder than urban areas. During summers, wear light clothes. 
  3. While photographing anything, do not use your flash.
  4. Do not make chaos; you might scare the animals and birds.
  5. Do not litter.
  6. Do not wear any perfume/deodorant/body mist; it will attract insects. Animals have a strong smell sense; they will know your location and avoid crossing your paths.
  7. Do not irritate animals and birds.
  8. Do not try to feed any animal or bird.
  9. Do not step down from your vehicle.
  10. Avoid any loud physical actions, especially when an animal is close to your vehicle.


So go and visit the Kanha National Park but promise us you will not cause any harm. 

We at Nelda believe that there is no authority higher than that of nature and keeping our forests alive is the only way humans will live in the future. Join us in our efforts!